A new decade rich in promise for African oil & gas is dawning.
In no particular order, here are some of the industry stories that have caught our eye recently!
1. South Africa’s Brulpadda field development & further South African gas exploration
“Brulpadda was one of Total’s biggest exploration targets for 2019,” said Dr Andrew Latham, Vice President of Global Exploration at Wood Mackenzie. “Even though the well isn’t an oil discovery, if Brulpadda proves to be anywhere near as big as the estimates suggest, it will still be a game-changer for South Africa.”
Africa Energy President and CEO Garrett Soden said: “This discovery opens a new world-class oil & gas play with significant follow-on potential. The success at Brulpadda significantly de-risks four other similar prospects already identified on existing 2D seismic data.”
The field’s ongoing development signals a new era for South Africa’s energy future. Its recoverable gas reserves stand at 1bn barrels of gas condensate, which will add extensive value to the South African economy with proper oversight.
More exploration work will commence in key blocks this year. Africa Energy, Total’s partners in the deepwater Block 11B/12B located 40km north of Brulpadda, has stated that further exploration activity will take place in 2020, with Total expected to drill three further exploration wells.
Also offshore SA, the Luiperd-1 exploration well is also forecast to spud using the Odfjell Deepsea Stavanger rig in Q1 2020. Could it yield further recoverable resources?
Such activity folds into a wider African gas narrative. Natural gas has been discovered in huge quantities in blocks around the continent, particularly in the Southeast, potentially powering Africa towards gas giant status.
2. The USA & other international investment in Mozambique LNG
While Brulpadda is a very important find, it’s currently Mozambique and its gas resources that are really powering African gas development.
A wave of US-based investment in the development of the Southeast African nation is coming. The Export-Import Bank of the United States (EXIM) approved a $5bn loan to support the export of US goods and services for development and construction of an integrated LNG project in Mozambique in September 2019. This will supply the Mozambique LNG project, a one of a kind asset, developing resources in the gas-rich Rovuma basin.
Mozambique is seen as particularly low-risk for investors, as much of the end product has already been sold via contracts to buyers in Asia and Europe, effectively bankrolling the project.
ExxonMobil, alongside partners Eni, Korea Gas Corp, and CNPC, is also developing a $30bn LNG project to capitalise on Mozambique’s gas reserves. The project will have a capacity of more than 15m tons per year.
It sits alongside two other developments which are poised to turn Mozambique, one of the poorest nations on Earth, into a major gas supplier. The others include Anadarko’s, now Total’s, $25bn 13mpta facility, and an $8bn 3.4 FLNG platform spearheaded by Eni.
Estimates forecast that Mozambique can generate up to $95bn in revenues from gas production and exports by 2045. Not only will this spur on better economic performance for the country, but it will also provide international majors with solid revenue and production streams into the next decade.
3. Total swoops in on Occidental’s African assets after Anadarko acquisition
Occidental Petroleum closed its $38bn acquisition of Anadarko and its assets in August 2019, giving the company in-roads into Africa’s oil & gas industry.
As mentioned above, Anadarko was one of the key investors in developing Mozambique LNG, and Occidental, through its acquisition, has assumed this mantle. Or rather, it had, until it came to sell $8.8bn worth of African hydrocarbon assets to Total. This divestment effectively removes Occidental from some of Africa’s largest plays and prospects. Although negations are still ongoing regarding blocks, acreages, and resources previously owned by Anadarko in Algeria, Ghana, and South Africa, the Mozambique deal has closed.
Speaking of the deal, Occidental CEO Vicki Hillub said: “Given our long history of working together productively, I am confident we can execute this sale quickly and efficiently. The total has extensive experience working in Africa and is well-positioned to maximise value from these assets.”
Will this prove a major boon for Total? Certainly, it makes the French giant’s position in African much stronger, providing a massive geographical spread of key resources and projects throughout the region.
4. Egypt continues its major gas overhaul
Since the discovery of the Zohr Gas Field, and an overhaul of appropriate hydrocarbons legislature, Egypt is rapidly positioning itself as North Africa’s major gas power.
Eni, the chief explorer and developer of the colossal Zohr find, successfully completed a gas production test from the field’s last well in December 2019. Its overall current production capacity is roughly 3.2bn cubic feet per day, with onshore production treatment facilities completed ahead of schedule boasting a daily output of 2.3bn cubic feet.
Away from Zohr, however, there is more gas and hydrocarbons activity that makes Egypt attractive. For example, SDX Energy is pioneering its South Disouq gas project in the Nile Delta with further exploration work.
The firm announced in January 2020 that it had noted a 35% increase in reserves at the project site, which will add further importance to Egypt’s position in North African gas supplies. Ultimately, Egypt is aiming at becoming a major Mediterranean force in natural gas supplies, with sites on the Middle East and Europe as end markets.
Additionally, in the same month, the Egyptian Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources announced the discovery of a new field in the Western Desert. Found by Borg El-Arab Petroleum Company, this latest find’s production output is forecast at 7,000 barrels of oil per day, and 10m cubic metres of gas.
What’s more, the green light has been given for Shell, Chevron and Mubadala to begin the exploration of offshore blocks within the Red Sea.
Egypt is likely to remain at the forefront of North African gas production from 2020 onwards, although it does have a regional Mediterranean rival in the shape of Israel to contend with.
Israel’s Leviathan play is appropriately named, and a rival for Zohr when it comes to reserves. That said, Egypt and Israel recently inked supply and export deals, so a harmonious future may be on the horizon.
5. Ongoing exploration in MSGBC Basin
The MSGBC Basin, spanning territorial waters between Senegal and Mauritania on Africa’s Western Atlantic Coast, continues to captivate explorers.
As of May 2019, 168 Newfield drilling operations throughout the basin, which covers an area roughly a third of the Gulf of Mexico, have revealed 9 BBOe. Over half the volume of discovered resources is in Senegalese blocks.
The expansive resources found in the Basin’s offshore acreages have drawn a mixture of international players to the region. For instance, Cairn Energy’s plays have revealed enormous quantities of oil, Kosmos’ activity discovered the largest offshore gas deposit in West Africa and so on. Total, BP, and ExxonMobil also have a strong presence here.
However, this area, rich in promise, is comparatively underexplored. Further activity is planned, both in developing existing fields, and discovering new opportunities. November 2019, for instance, saw Norwegian survey service firm TGS declare that it is to set up a 3D seismic survey to cover an area of 5,100 square kilometres to scope out further potential. Data will be available in Q4 2020.
Considering its potential, the MSGBC Basin will remain a major focus of exploration and analytical attention well into the next decade.
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